Among many Zibo delicacies, four main types of Zibo biscuits, namely Zhoucun biscuits, Zichuan biscuits, Linzi biscuits and Boshan biscuits, are very popular among people.According to historical records, sesame cakes were introduced from western regions during Han Dynasty. In "Continuation of Han Shu" there is an entry: "Emperor Ling loves Hu Bing." But the biscuits at that time were more like those in Xinjiang and other ethnic minority areas, with no filling, thick and pure flavor. Zichuan biscuits, Boshan biscuits and Zhoucun biscuits have been improved and upgraded based on Hu biscuits or original biscuits. The full name of Zichuan Shaobing should be "Zichuan Meat Biscuit", meaning biscuits with filling, and word "meat" indicates its most important feature. Preparation of Zichuan Sesame Flatbreads: First, take measured noodles and wrap them with meat stuffing, then roll them out on board using a rolling pin, and then put them on smooth convex porcelain (the ceramic used to heat kan in early days) Warmer pan) Some call it a cookie cutter , they lower it with their hands into water so that it is thinner, at this time they lower it onto a board that is already covered with a dense layer of peeled sesame seeds, and a fire - a burnt billet with a diameter of more than 20 cm will be baked as soon as it is pasted over. The oven is on and baking usually takes about five minutes.
The recipe for Zichuan Meat Biscuit is simple, with a crispy crust and delicious filling.Among four main types of biscuits in Zibo, Linzi biscuits usually refer to city's Jinling biscuits. Jinling Shaobing basically keeps traditional style of Hubing. Jinling city biscuits are large, thick and pure in taste. It retains original taste of wheat and sesame, crunchy and chewy. This is a big piece of food that is now a breakfast staple for locals.
In terms of production, after noodles are fermented, they are divided into small pieces on a cutting board, rolled into dough, pressed by hands by dipping into water to make pancakes, and then pressed on a plate with sesame seeds to cook pancakes on one side. Spread sesame seeds evenly, put side with sesame seeds down, use a long-handled grass tool to stick it into oven, attach it to top of iron plate, take it off for about a minute, and cookies are ready to bake.
The original rice bran was used as fuel in Jinling Sesame Cake Kiln, but sawdust is now mainly used. Coal is not used as a fuel to maintain baking temperature and hygiene of sesame cake.
The advantage of Jinling Shaobing lies in its thickness, strength and pure taste. People can choose ingredients and auxiliary materials according to their preferences while eating.Zhoucun biscuits are named after fact that they are produced in Zhoucun area. It originated during Han Dynasty and was developed at end of Qing Dynasty and is one of famous dishes of Shandong Province.
Zhoucun sesame cakes are designed for hair growth, no fermentation and no stuffing, which is another feature.
Production: First, water and noodles are used to grow hair, and then divided into finger-sized portions, kneaded and processed on a cutting board to increase strength and stretch.
Then put balls in extension plate and with your hands dipped in water, spread them into a round and thin raw cake.
Place soaked, peeled and toasted sesame seeds in a wooden shaker plate, spread your arms and shake them back and forth to distribute sesame seeds evenly on plate.
Then lightly press down on raw cake with both hands, place it on a shaking plate to numb it, and then attach it to oven pan and it will bake in a few minutes.
Zhoucun sesame cakes are round and yellow in shape, covered with sesame seeds in front and crisp holes in back, "burned", "thin", "aromatic" and "crispy".Boshan Shaobing refers to Boshan meat liver that originated during Ming and Qing dynasties. Now Boshan's Jiaozhuang Biscuit is her masterpiece, with two types of fillings: pork belly and lean meat, without any additives, not to mention soy sauce. The production of Boshan sesame cakes is to wrap meat filling with fermented noodles, then dip them in sesame seeds and put them in oven. Its characteristics focus on crispy crust, salty filling and delicious sesame flavor. Strictly speaking, Boshan meat biscuits are not baked on a fire, but in an oven with high temperature hot air, so they will be especially crispy and tender. Freshly baked biscuits have aroma of sesame and noodles, and deliciousness of fresh meat. . And because of fresh meat filling, one side is crispy and other soft. In fact, there is no obvious difference between Zichuan cookies and Boshan cookies. In terms of origin, typical product of Boshan biscuits is Jiaozhuang biscuits, and this village historically belonged to Zichuan area and was later assigned to Boshan area, so these two biscuits have a lot in common. Some people even think that Zichuan biscuits and Boshan biscuits are called two kinds of food.
Differences between four main types of biscuits in ZiboZhoucun biscuits, Zichuan biscuits, and Boshan biscuits are Han food. Sesame cake from Jinling City is a traditional minority food. Technology difference: Zhoucun sesame cake is for hair growth, while Zichuan, Linzi and Boshan sesame cake are fermented products. Zhoucun and Linzi biscuits have no filling, while Zichuan and Boshan biscuits have filling. In terms of production, baking is carried out in an oven, but Zhoucun sesame cake is baked in an oven, Jinling sesame cake is made of iron plates, Zichuan sesame cake and Boshan sesame cake are baked directly on oven wall. When making sesame cakes, Zichuan sesame cakes use molds while others do not. When filling is added, zichuan shaobing is wrapped with dough and then baked on one side with a mold, while boshan shaobing is baked directly on oven wall after filling. In terms of usage, Zhoucun biscuits are commonly used to make dim sum, while other three are used as a staple food. With changing market demand and improvement of production technology, Zibo's biscuit making equipment includes electric frying, fire frying and gas frying; varieties are divided into fillings and without fillings; from meat and vegetables there are vegetarian fillings and meat fillings. .
The diversity of cultivars has improved viability and space for development of Zibo Sesame Flatbread, and it has become a favorite among urban and rural residents alike.
Which of these four types of cookies do you like best?
Or are there other options? Let's choose one!
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